Fri, May 28, 21

30 Awesome Facts About The Brain

* Verified by a US-based board-certified doctor.

1. You Can’t Multitask

woman multi tasking

 

When you “multitask,” your brain is actually just “context-switching” between different tasks. Not only that, but research has shown that this can increase your error rate by as much as 50-80%.

Related: These Foods Will Give Your Brain More Power

2. The Brain Can’t Feel Pain

Even though the brain is full of coverings and blood vessels with pain receptors, the brain itself doesn’t contain any. This lack of pain is what allows brain surgeons to operate on people while they’re awake.

3. You Use Most of Your Brain Most of The Time

woman sleeping

 

That old myth about how you only use 10% of your brain is just that, a myth. You use more than 10% even while you’re sleeping! Your brain is constantly working to process information, think, move, interpret sensory input, and much more.

4. The Adult Brain Weighs ~3 Pounds

Meaning that it makes up ~2-3% of your overall body weight, and most of this is due to the brain’s cerebrum.

5. Brains Aren’t Permanently Arranged at Birth

newborn baby

 

Your nerve cells change and adapt based on how they’re utilized during the first year of life.

6. Brains Grow Three Times in Size During Your First Year of Life

By the time a baby is two years old, it will have approximately 80% of a fully grown brain, and it will continue to grow until about the age of 18.

7. Your Brain is a Greedy Organ

It uses up to 20% of the oxygen in your body and about 30% of your blood. It requires much more attention and support in comparison to other essential parts of your body.

8.  75% of Your Brain is Water

woman with head in the water

 

This means you need to be careful about dehydration. Even being hydrated by as little as 2% can cause negative impacts on how your brain can function

9. Your Brain is Mostly Fat

The brain is the fattiest organ you have and typically consists of at least 60% fat.

10. Human Brains Contain ~100 Billion Neurons

This amount is about the same as the total number of stars in the Milky Way galaxy. Synapses connect these neurons, and scientists often refer to this as a “neuron forest”.

11. Adult Brains Make New Neurons

man drinking coffee

 

While the majority of your brain’s neurons have been with you since birth, and age can cause them to deteriorate, your brain is still fully capable of creating new neurons through the process of neurogenesis.

12. Most Brain Cells Aren't Neurons

Though “neurons” may be what you first think of when you hear the term “brain cells”, the majority of your brain is made up of glial cells. These cells help support and protect your brain’s neurons while also optimizing the communication between them.

13. Your Brain Has More Cell Types Than Any Body Tissue

Many of our organs and muscles are composed of cells of the same type. Brains, however, are made of a wide range of complicated cells that interconnect in extraordinary ways.

14. Brains Can Rewire Themselves

a computer wiring system

 

Brains are incredibly unique in their ability to adapt and rewire themselves to function as optimally as possible. The brains of blind people can take the section dedicated to working with their eyes and rewire it to process sound information instead.

15. Brain Activity is as Unique as Fingerprints

According to the journal of Nature Neuroscience, people’s brain activity may be just as unique as a fingerprint, if not more so.

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16. Chemical Reactions Cause Headaches

A woman holding her head in pain.

 

Headaches aren’t your brain hurting- remember, they can’t feel pain. Headaches occur due to reactions in nerves, blood vessels, muscles in your head and neck, or some combination of each. Changes in serotonin or estrogen levels can also cause them.

Related: Brain Boosting Supplements: How To Choose The Right One For You

17. A Brain Freeze is a Warning Sign

When your brain senses a drop in temperature, it increases blood pressure in an attempt to keep you from freezing to death.

18. Exercise Helps Your Body and Brain

Mental stimulation comes with exercising, but it also helps you maintain a healthier cardiovascular system. A healthy cardiovascular system means better plumbing for your brain.

19. Brain Scans “Light Up” When You’re In Love

a couple in love

 

MRI scans have demonstrated that people who are “in love” show more significant activity where the neurotransmitter dopamine is present.

20. Your Brain is Smaller Than The Brains of Your Ancestors

Paleoanthropological research has indicated human brains have shrunk over time, along with our average body size.

21. Your Brain Gets Smaller as You Age

senior citizen celebrating their birthday

 

Brains develop until you’re in your late 40s, and by mid-life, they will begin to shrink. This shrinkage doesn’t seem to impact intelligence, however. 

22. Short Term Memory Lasts ~20-30 Seconds

Scientists found that the average short-term memory for numbers is about 7.3 seconds, and letters is 9.3 seconds.

23. When Awake, Your Brain Makes Enough Electricity to Power a Small Light Bulb

Stanford computer scientists have found that the billions of cells in the human brain produce more than enough electricity to turn on a small light bulb.

24. Reading Out Loud Requires Different Circuit Than Reading to Yourself

woman reading

 

This difference is also true of listening to music and speaking. Your brain processes these different sensations in different ways.

25. The Brain's Visual Processing Areas are in The Very Back

Your eyes sit in the front of your skull; everyone knows that. But the area that controls visual processing is at the back of the brain.

26. Harder Working Brains Make Smaller Your Brain Waves

person using computer

 

According to EEG brain scanning, neurons processing more information sync up in smaller, more complex patterns, causing smaller brain waves.

27. Your Brain’s Storage Capacity is Basically Unlimited

Your brain possesses limitless potential power, and space doesn’t get used up like when data is stored on your computer.

28. Almost Half the Brain can be Removed Without Altering Memory or Personality

stylish woman

 

The removal of half the brain is known as a hemispherectomy, and it helps treat seizure disorders. Cognition changes are common, but personality, memory, and humor tend to recover to be the same as before the surgery.

Related: How to Get Rid of Brain Fog: Tips and Tricks

29. The Brain Waves of Musicians Can Synchronize 

German scientists have discovered that the brain waves of musicians naturally became synchronized when they play together, even when playing different parts

30. Sleep Deprivation Kills Brain Cells 

man sleeping in his car

 

Beyond that, it can also lead to psychosis over long periods, along with impairment to judgment, cognition, and reaction time.

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